Family Violence

Health Promotion Disease Prevention

Instructor: Gregory M. Chase, MS Emergency Medicine, MSHED, PA-C, RN

Curriculum Scope, Community Health Special Populations- Americans with Disabilities: Principles of Instructional Design

Author: Gregory M. Chase, MS, MSHED, PA-C, RN.
Dr. David Sellen, PhD precepting

From 2003 - 2012, more than half a million American women (622,490 women) were victims of nonfatal violence committed by an intimate partner.

What is Nonfatal Intimate Partner Violence (NIPV)

Nonfatal intimate partner violence includes serious violence and simple assault committed by an offender who is the victim’s current or former spouse, boyfriend or girlfriend. The severity of intimate partner violence is measured by the type of violent crime, type of physical attack, whether the victim was threatened before the attack, presence of a weapon, victim injury and medical treatment. Estimates of nonfatal violence are based on data from the National Crime Victimization Survey, which collects self-reported information from victims of crime.

learn more, download PDF Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Pub April 2014 Nonfatal Domestic Violence PDF

Scope of the Problem

A Deaf, Deaf-Blind or Hard of Hearing woman trying to leave an abusive relationship faces unique barriers.

Information travels quickly within a Deaf, Deaf-Blind or Hard of Hearing community, compromising confidentiality and the victim’s safety.

Police and shelters are often not skilled at communicating with the Deaf, Deaf-Blind and Hard of Hearing and often don’t have interpreters.

The Size of The Problem

Four million women are physically abused each year by their partners.

  • 500,000 are Deaf, Deaf-Blind or Hard of Hearing.
  • 31% of American women report being physically or sexually abused at some point in their lifetime.
  • 6,000,000 are Deaf, Deaf-Blind or Hard of Hearing.

How The National Domestic Violence Hotline Can Help

The Hotline strives to educate the public about the need for Deaf, Deaf-Blind and Hard of Hearing abuse outreach programs.

Call the toll-free TTY number, 1-800-787-3224, to find programs and services prepared to help the Deaf, Deaf-Blind and Hard of Hearing.

How Family Violence Programs and Services Can Help

Make efforts to understand the Deaf, Deaf-Blind and Hard of Hearing culture:

  • Invite Deaf advocates to your program.
    Recruit Deaf, Deaf-Blind and Hard of Hearing volunteers.
  • Become familiar with Deaf, Deaf-Blind and Hard of Hearing resources: local interpreters, churches,cultural groups and school programs.
  • Add TTY phone numbers to printed materials.
  • Teach staff to use TTY and ensure that the line is always answered.
  • Ensure that television public service announcements are close captioned.

Additional Reading

ADWAS—Abused Deaf Women Advocacy Services
206.726.0093 - TTY Office
206.236.3134 - TTY Hotline

Contact ADWAS for the most up-to-date information regarding these resources

Los Angeles
LACAAW—Los Angeles Commission on Assaults Against Women
213.955.9095 - TDD

DOVE—Advocacy Services for Abused Women
303.831.7932 - Voice - Office
303.831.7874 - TTY 24 hr Hotline

Washington DC
DAWN—Deaf abused Women’s Network
866.290.3296 - TTY 24hr Hotline

DWIAA—Deaf Women of Iowa Against Abuse
515.244.0875 - TTY
877.244.0875 - TTY Toll free

DCAV—Deaf, blind and hard of hearing Community Against Violence

New York
ASDV—Advocacy Services for Deaf, blind and hard of hearing Victims
585.387.0744 - FAX

DWAVE—Deaf Women Against Violence Everywhere

ADVAN—Abused Deaf Victims Advocacy Network
888.883.0770 - TTY
800.642.3150 - Voice

DAWCAS—Deaf Abused Women’s and Children’s Advocacy Services
512.386.6172 - TTY Office
888.915.8159 - TTY Hotline

SLCAD—Sego Lily
Center for the Abused Deaf
800.897.5465 - Voice
800.787.3224 - TTY

DVAS—Deaf Victims
Advocacy Services
802.479.1934 - TTY Office
800.303.3827 - TTY Hotline

Against Violence
757.221.0990 - Voice
804.377.7330 - TTY

ADWAS—Abused Deaf Women’s Advocacy Services
206.726.0093 - TTY Office
206.236.3134 - TTY Hotline

Deaf Women United


Questions For Review

  • what subpopulation makes up a "Special Population?"
  • What problems do disabled women face when trying to leave an abusive relationship?
  • What barriers do the deaf and or blind face in obtaining assistance from police and shelters?
  • What efforts to understand the Deaf, Deaf-Blind and Hard of Hearing can we take?


Internet-Based Exercises

  • Discuss the various crimes and resulting disciplinary actiions taken by the U. S. Deptarment of Justice (USDOJ) in response to Abuse with persons with disabilities.
    Review the USDOJ document for additional study:

    Abuse of Persons with Disabilities
    Center for Research on women with Disabilities (CROWD) offers excellent data on reseearch and training for issues such as violence against women with disabilities. For additional educational material and research check here:

    Review the findings in this webcast transcript by speaker: Carol Howland delivered on February 27, 2002.
    Margaret Nosek & Carol Howland research "Abuse and Women with Disabilities" may be reviewed at: Presentation of Abuse and Women with Disabilities
  • what kind(s) of abuse (physical, sexual, etc) did women with disabilities face?
  • What types of abusive intervention services did the study address about women with disabilities



Howland, C (2002). Violence Against Women with Disabilities: Findings from Studies Conducted by the Center for Research on Women with Disabilities: 1992 - 2001.

DOJ Activities under the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Person's Act of 2003.

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